Learn more about the Gulper eel – with amazing Gulper eel videos, photos and facts on Arkive. Eurypharynx pelecanoides is a species of deep-sea marine eel in the family Eupharyngidae with an extraordinarily large expanding mouth, extremely long jaws. Range Description: Eurypharynx pelecanoides is circumglobally distributed in tropical and temperate waters. Recent records include the Gulf of Mexico.

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Cite this page as: This species is sexually dimorphic, with males developing a large, knob-like nasal rosette.

Eurypharynx pelecanoides

X Close Image credit. Fishes of Australia’s Southern Coast. The gulper eel uses its long whip-like tail for movement. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eurypharynx pelecanoides. euurypharynx

Pelican eel

Team WILD, an elite squadron of science superheroes, needs your help! Eurypharyngidaewith Comments on Reproductive Strategy. If you are able to eurpyharynx please contact: The large olfactory organs in the males indicates that they may locate their mates through pheromones released by the females. Gulper eel The mouth of the Gulper Eel can open wide enough to swallow long things much larger than the eel itself.

Human uses

Downloaded on 21 September Despite the great size of the jaws, which occupy about a quarter of the animal’s total length, it has only tiny teeth, which would not be consistent with a regular diet of large fish. The gulper eel is very different in appearance to most other [true] eel species.


X Close Link to this photo Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below. Contrary to some deep-sea fish, Pelican Eels have tiny teeth, implying that the large mouth is eurypgarynx used like a large net; The Pelican Eel can swim into a group of shrimp or other crustaceans with its mouth wide open, scooping them up as it goes.

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When the eel gulps its prey into its massive jaws, it also takes in a large amount of water, which is then slowly expelled through its gill slits. This is presumably a lure to attract prey, although its presence at the far end of the body from the mouth suggests the eel may have to adopt an unusual posture to use it effectively.

Please donate to Arkive Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Acta Zoologica Stockholm 70 3: Meso- to abyssopelagic Ref.

It can also be used like a large net. Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below. When plecanoides feeds on prey, water that is ingested is expelled via the gills.


Pelican eels lack scales and are covered in black velvety skin. Retrieved from ” https: Oviparous, planktonic eggs hatch into planktonic leptocephalus larvae Ref.

Eurypharynx pelecanoides, 90 cm head to tail. Tail attenuated and ending in an expanded, luminous caudal organ.

Gulper eel videos, photos and facts – Eurypharynx pelecanoides | Arkive

It is believed that the eyes evolved to detect faint traces of light rather than form images. Gulper eel Eurypharynx pelecanoides. Specimens that pelecanojdes been brought to the surface in fishing nets have been known to have their long tails tied into several knots. Moderate to high vulnerability 54 of Species Image Gallery prev next. Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link is locally defined Commons category link is on Wikidata using P Use dmy dates from April Sign up to our newsletter Get the latest wild peelecanoides direct to your inbox.

Contrary to true eels, gulper eels lack pelvic fins, swim bladders, and scales.