SIMILARITY / CONTINUATION / CLOSURE / PROXIMITY / FIGURE & GROUND. Gestalt is a psychology term which means “unified whole”. It refers to theories of. In cognitive psychology, chunking is a process by which individual pieces of information are . The role of Gestalt grouping principles in visual statistical learning. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 73, Gobet, F.; de Voogt, A.J.;. Gestalt teorisini parçaların toplamından fazlasını ifade eden organize bütün olarak tanımlayabiliriz. Görsel algı alanında ortaya çıkan Gestalt.

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Gestalt is a psychology term which means “unified whole”. It refers to theories of visual perception developed by German psychologists in the s.

These theories attempt to describe how people tend to organize visual elements into groups or unified wholes when certain principles are applied.

GESTALT PSİKOLOJİSİ by gizem özbek on Prezi

Similarity occurs when objects look similar to one another. People often perceive them as a group or pattern.

T he example above containing 11 distinct objects appears as as single unit because all of the shapes have similarity. Unity occurs because the triangular shapes at the bottom of the eagle symbol look similar to the shapes that form the sunburst. When similarity occurs, an object can be emphasised if it gsetalt dissimilar to the others.


This is called anomally. The figure on the far right becomes a focal point because it is dissimilar to the other shapes. Continuation occurs when the eye is compelled to move through one object and continue to another object. Continuation occurs in the example above, because the viewer’s eye will naturally follow a line or curve.

The smooth flowing crossbar of the “H” leads the eye directly to the maple leaf. Closure occurs when an object is incomplete or a space is not completely enclosed. If enough of the shape is indicated, people percieve the whole by filling in the missing infomation. Although the panda above is not complete, enough is present for the eye to complete the shape.

Meaning of “gestalt” in the Turkish dictionary

When the viewer’s perception completes a shapeclosure occurs. Proximity occurs when elements are placed close together. They tend to be perceived as a group.

The nine squares above are placed without proximity. They are perceived as separate shapes. When the squares are given close proximity, unity occurs.


While they continue to be separate shapes, they are now perceived as one group. The fifteen figures above form a unified whole the shape of a tree because of their proximity. The eye differentiates an object form its surrounding area. Balancing figure and ground can make the perceived image more clear. The word above is clearly perceived as figure with the surrounding teoriis space ground.

In this image, the figure and ground relationships change as the eye perceives the the form of a shade or the silhouette teoriwi a face. Similarity Similarity occurs when objects look similar to one another.